HelpAge Zimbabwe Supports the Elderly

HelpAge Zimbabwe pic
HelpAge Zimbabwe
Image: helpagezim.org

Economist Philip H. Brown has conducted extensive research on the economies of Africa, China, and Chile, as well as areas closer to home, in an effort to address various social issues. Philip H. Brown previously served as a project associate for HelpAge Zimbabwe in an effort to support Zimbabwe’s older community.

HelpAge Zimbabwe is a branch of HelpAge International, whose African headquarters are located in Nairobi, Kenya. A charitable organization, HelpAge Zimbabwe supports seniors in that country, with the ultimate goal of increasing both the standard of living and the quality of health care for older adults, regardless of their religion, gender, color, or financial condition

HelpAge Zimbabwe also promotes the self-sufficiency of the older population in Zimbabwe via training and community-based initiatives focused on food security and income generation. The training also involves teaching such skills as finding sources of clean water and maintaining personal health, while the community-based initiatives also involve building or restoring housing and shelter.

Emissions Trading – A Brief Overview

Economist Philip H. Brown focuses the majority of his work in the areas of health, education, poverty, inequality, and the environment. As a developmental economist interested in the environment, Philip H. Brown examines the effects of various environmental policy instruments, including emissions trading.

Emissions trading, a market-based tool for managing greenhouse gas emissions, puts a price on air pollution and provides economic incentives for companies that work to reduce it. Under the most common type of emissions trading plan, a government agency or other organization sets a cap on allowable emissions and then allocates emissions permits that total the cap.

Participating companies that lack sufficient permits to cover their emissions must either work to reduce them or purchase additional permits from a company that has more credits than it needs. This type of system rewards efficiency and creates an incentive for companies to reduce their emissions, with the bonus of cutting operations costs and profiting from selling surplus permits to other participating entities.

Policy Approaches to Climate Change

Economist Philip H. Brown studies developing economies, identifying sources of poverty and ways to reduce it. A Ph.D. recipient from the University of Michigan, Philip H. Brown’s professional interests cover a broad range of topics, including global food prices, wind power, cost-benefit analysis, emissions trading plans, and dealing with climate change.

While advocates on both sides of the issue continue to argue passionately about the impact of human activity on climate change, policymakers must consider what steps to take, if any, with respect to the phenomenon. Significant areas of policy response to climate change include mitigation strategies, adaptation policies, and bioengineering.

Mitigation policies are designed to reduce or eliminate the discharge of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. In addition to regulating factory, automobile, and other emissions, mitigation activities include the development of renewable energy sources, increasing energy efficiency, and developing low-emission urban systems, among other approaches. Mitigation also includes changing consumer behavior as well as the way resources are managed.

Adaptation policy objectives are to help the population deal with consequences of climate change such as rising sea levels, extreme weather patterns, and ocean acidification. Example strategies include building flood defenses, employing environmentally responsible forestry practices, and developing crops that can tolerate the greater ranges of weather extremes.

A third approach under consideration is geoengineering, which involves direct intervention in the planetary energy balance. This is a relatively new strategy, and involves massive manipulation of the global environment. Examples of geoengineering include such techniques as dispersing particles into the atmosphere to “whiten” clouds and thus make them more reflective of the sun’s rays, increasing the iron content of seawater to encourage the development of plankton, seeding clouds to force rainfall, and genetically engineering crops to make them better reflect sunlight.

Helping the Poor – Development Economics

A graduate of the School for International Training, development economist Philip H. Brown dedicated his life to helping poor people while working in a camp for Rwandan refugees. Due in part to his time spent in a conflict-stricken area of Tanzania, Philip H. Brown decided to focus his research on poverty, instead of wealth, as a development economist.

First, there is no one school of thought for development economists to follow. Because each situation comes with its own set of conditions that contribute to economic progress or decline, every situation must be evaluated independently. The one constant is the idea that economics is about more than just money.

Second, development economists are concerned not with studying wealth but with studying and enacting real-world efforts to improve the lives of disadvantaged people. This means that instead of focusing solely on the economy of a country or area, larger factors such as societal structures that reinforce or disrupt the norm and political policies are considered.

What is Econometrics?

Specializing in developmental economics, Dr. Philip H. Brown is an economist based in Washington, D.C. who uses economic theory to address issues such as poverty, education, and the environment. As an economist focused on real-world problems, Philip H. Brown employs a variety of economic tools and methods in his research, including econometrics.

Econometrics is a qualitative research approach that involves the application of mathematics, statistics, and sometimes computer science to data in order to draw conclusions about economic relations and systems. Econometrics is especially helpful in testing and demonstrating theories and is often used to explore the causes and effects of economic relationships. This fact makes econometrics a useful tool for not only mathematicians and economists, but also news organizations, banks, and governments, who utilize econometrics to explain current economic conditions and explore the potential effects of various economic policies. Coming to prominence as an academic discipline in the 1930s, econometrics is now taught at universities and colleges around the world.

Philip H. Brown Provides a Primer on Econometrics

While most people have at least a basic understanding of economics, fewer are aware of econometrics. In general terms, econometrics combines mathematics, in particular the use of statistics, with economics to analyze real-world and hypothetical situations.




Because of its use of statistical data, econometrics can be a powerful tool to study historic events and predict how various factors will affect future events. For example, using statistical data to measure the ratio of media coverage of past natural disasters to public aid provided may help relief agencies prepare contingency plans for future disasters that may receive more or less media coverage.




However, both the statistical model and the data must be reliable for a study and its resulting predictions to be effective. Additionally, the studies must take into account factors that may not appear on the surface in the raw data, such as cultural or gender differences that may otherwise influence the results.

Philip H. Brown is a development economist who has worked in China, Africa, Central America, and Chile. His research, which makes extensive use of econometrics, has been published in academic journals including Public Budgeting and Finance, the Review of Development Economics, and The Journal of Contemporary China.

Economics the World Can’t Afford to Overlook

Philip H. Brown, Ph.D. has lived and worked in China, Central America, Africa, and Chile. He has seen firsthand the impact of economics on real people, and it was his work in a Rwandan refugee camp that inspired him to pursue his doctorate to help the poor as a development economist.

One misconception people sometimes have about economics is that it is a field exclusively focused on the study of wealth. In contrast to this stereotype stands development economics, a branch devoted to the study of developing countries. There is no universally accepted definition of a “developing” country. The United Nations, the International Monetary Fund (IMF), and the World Bank all use different classification systems, taking into account factors such as per capita income level, export diversification, integration into the global financial system, international trade statistics, life expectancy, and literacy rates. Nonetheless, according to the IMF’s World Economic Outlook Report and World Bank data, more than 150 nations qualify as “developing.”

Economic inequality and poverty in developing countries represent a global problem. For economists such as Dr. Philip H. Brown, Paul Collier (former director of research for the World Bank), and Nobel laureates Amartya Sen and Joseph Stiglitz, the field of development economics marks a path toward resolving a problem that the world cannot afford to ignore.