Philip H. Brown, an economist who has studied poverty in the international sense extensively, has given several lectures on the topic, and is also highly educated on the socioeconomic factors at play in areas such as China and Chile. Several issues influence poverty on a worldwide scale, and this article will list some of those factors, many of which have been studied by Philip H. Brown.
1. Ineffective government policies. When social policies, including those meant to curb violence, increase public health, and provide educational opportunities for children and adults, favor those in the middle and upper classes, those in the lower class are left to fend for themselves.
2. Inadequate responsibility on behalf of the individual. Though many people living at or below the poverty line are a product of the social and political environment around them, the ability to take responsibility for one’s life and do the best one can with what one has can give a person living in poverty opportunities that would never have been found otherwise. Even so, sometimes, few to no opportunities are evident.
3. Exploitative acts by those in power and by business leaders. The inequality between individuals living in poverty and those who are well-to-do is constantly shifting and growing. Part of this is because of the lack of progressive changes made in the business world, and the acceptance of discriminatory or exploitative policies.