Varroa Mite Damage to Honey Bee Colonies

Beekeeping pic

An economist who worked as an assistant professor at Colby College in Waterville, Maine and as an environmental analyst at GeoSouce Capital, Philip H. Brown specializes in employing sophisticated econometric techniques to address a range of problems in applied microeconomics. Outside of his work as an economist, Philip H. Brown supports a keen interest in beekeeping.

A major concern of beekeepers throughout the United States, varroa mites are parasites that attack both honeybees and bee larvae. These mites target drone brood in particular but subsist by sucking blood from all types of bees at all stages of development.

Infestations begin when a female varroa mite enters a brood cell right before the hive’s nurse bees cap this cell. This seals the mite in with the larva. She then lays eggs that will quickly hatch. The young mites produced by these eggs will mature into adults ahead of the bee larvae and begin spreading throughout the hive.


An Introduction to Invasive Species


Michigan Institute for Teaching and Research in Economics (MITRE)



Currently working at Geo Source Capital LLC, Philip Brown is an economist who works by applying economic analysis tools to a number of social changes. Philip Brown graduated in 2003 from the University of Michigan with a PhD in Economics. The University of Michigan offers a program for economics students known as the Michigan Institute for Teaching and Research in Economics (MITRE).

MITRE is designed to provide these students with an intellectual hub that promotes instructional excellence and accomplishments in economics research. The Economics Department MITRE program helps faculty and students to conduct cutting edge research in areas such as macroeconomics, labor economics, economic history, econometrics, public economics, and natural resource and energy economics. The goal of the program is to then take this knowledge gained from the various studies and incorporate it into current classroom instruction and other learning environments.

The Yangtze River, a Challenging Rafting Adventure


Yangtze River pic
Yangtze River

Economist Philip H. Brown focuses on studying methods for people to rise above poverty. Away from his responsibilities as an economist, Philip H. Brown enjoys white-water rafting and has rafted down the Yangtze River.

Rafting the Yangtze River in China offers white-water rafters a difficult challenge. One section, known as the Great Bend of Yangtze, pushes six times the force of water that flows through the Grand Canyon through an area only a third as wide. Other challenging features of the Great Bend include huge waterfalls and rapids, such as a stretch of eight rapids called the Surprise.

For those brave enough to navigate the river, the Yangtze also offers spectacular views of mountains, fields, and stone villages. No more than 150 people have rafted this river, which makes it a boast-worthy challenge. The season for rafting the Yangtze only lasts approximately five months out of the year: from February through March and from August through October.