Varroa Mite Damage to Honey Bee Colonies

Beekeeping pic

An economist who worked as an assistant professor at Colby College in Waterville, Maine and as an environmental analyst at GeoSouce Capital, Philip H. Brown specializes in employing sophisticated econometric techniques to address a range of problems in applied microeconomics. Outside of his work as an economist, Philip H. Brown supports a keen interest in beekeeping.

A major concern of beekeepers throughout the United States, varroa mites are parasites that attack both honeybees and bee larvae. These mites target drone brood in particular but subsist by sucking blood from all types of bees at all stages of development.

Infestations begin when a female varroa mite enters a brood cell right before the hive’s nurse bees cap this cell. This seals the mite in with the larva. She then lays eggs that will quickly hatch. The young mites produced by these eggs will mature into adults ahead of the bee larvae and begin spreading throughout the hive.


An Introduction to Invasive Species


The Yangtze River, a Challenging Rafting Adventure


Yangtze River pic
Yangtze River

Economist Philip H. Brown focuses on studying methods for people to rise above poverty. Away from his responsibilities as an economist, Philip H. Brown enjoys white-water rafting and has rafted down the Yangtze River.

Rafting the Yangtze River in China offers white-water rafters a difficult challenge. One section, known as the Great Bend of Yangtze, pushes six times the force of water that flows through the Grand Canyon through an area only a third as wide. Other challenging features of the Great Bend include huge waterfalls and rapids, such as a stretch of eight rapids called the Surprise.

For those brave enough to navigate the river, the Yangtze also offers spectacular views of mountains, fields, and stone villages. No more than 150 people have rafted this river, which makes it a boast-worthy challenge. The season for rafting the Yangtze only lasts approximately five months out of the year: from February through March and from August through October.

HelpAge Zimbabwe Supports the Elderly

HelpAge Zimbabwe pic
HelpAge Zimbabwe

Economist Philip H. Brown has conducted extensive research on the economies of Africa, China, and Chile, as well as areas closer to home, in an effort to address various social issues. Philip H. Brown previously served as a project associate for HelpAge Zimbabwe in an effort to support Zimbabwe’s older community.

HelpAge Zimbabwe is a branch of HelpAge International, whose African headquarters are located in Nairobi, Kenya. A charitable organization, HelpAge Zimbabwe supports seniors in that country, with the ultimate goal of increasing both the standard of living and the quality of health care for older adults, regardless of their religion, gender, color, or financial condition

HelpAge Zimbabwe also promotes the self-sufficiency of the older population in Zimbabwe via training and community-based initiatives focused on food security and income generation. The training also involves teaching such skills as finding sources of clean water and maintaining personal health, while the community-based initiatives also involve building or restoring housing and shelter.